Friday, July 29, 2011

Difference between Object, Dynamic and Var

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In this post I am going to write the points about the three type of the variable Object, Var and Dynamic. Most of the developer not able to get what is difference between this three kind of variable.
ObjectDynamicVar
Can able to store any kind of value, because object is the base class of all type in .net framework.Can able to store any type of the variable, similar to old VB language variable.Can able to store any type of value but it require to initialize at the time of declaration.

Compiler has little information about the type

Compiler doesn't have any information about the this type of variable.

It's compiler safe i.e compiler has all information about the stored value, so that it doesn't cause any issue at run-time.

Object type can be passed as function argument and function also can return object typeDynamic type can be passed as function argument and function also can return object typeVar type can not be passed as function argument and function can not return object type. This type of variable can work in the scope where it defined.

Require to cast object variable to original type before using it. So this assigning to object type and converting to original type called as Boxing and Un-Boxing for primitive data type and for the reference type its casting of types. It's actually increasing the overhead when we do this both operation.

Allows to perform operation of given type once it get cast any user defined or primitive data type.
Casting is not require but you need to know the property and methods related to stored typeNo need to cast because compiler has all information to perform operation.
Cause the problem at run time if the stored value is not get converted to underlying data type.

Cause problem if the wrong method or property accessed because all the information about stored value is get resolve only at run time

Doesn't cause problem because compiler has all info about stored value.
Useful when doesn't have more information about the data type.Useful when coding using reflection or dynamic language support or with the COM objects, because we require to write less amount of code.Useful when getting result out of the linq queries. In 3.5 framework it introduce to support linq feature.

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